Earth’s internal heat is referred to as geothermal energy. The Greek words geo (planet) and theme are the source of the word geothermal (heat). Because heat is continually created inside the earth, geothermal energy is a renewable energy source. Geothermal energy is used to produce electricity, heat buildings, and provide hot water to people.
What drawbacks does geothermal energy have?
Limitations on location. The fact that geothermal energy is location-specific is its biggest drawback. … Negative effects on the environment.
Compared to conventional fuels like coal and other fossil fuels, geothermal energy is more environmentally benign. Additionally, a geothermal power plant has a little carbon footprint.
Around 15 terawatts of energy are currently consumed globally, which is a small fraction of the total energy that may be obtained from geothermal sources. Although most reservoirs cannot now be used, there is hope that as industrial research and development continue, the number of geothermal resources that can be used will rise. Geothermal power facilities are thought to be capable of producing between 0.0035 and 2 terawatts of energy.
Stable and sustainable
Compared to other renewable energy sources like wind and solar power, geothermal energy offers a consistent stream of energy. This is so that, unlike with wind or solar energy, the resource is always available to be used.
Cooling and Eating
Water must be over 150°C in order for turbines to be driven by geothermal energy effectively. Alternately, the differential in temperature between a ground source and the surface might be utilized. Just two meters below the surface, a geothermal heat pump can operate as a heat sink/source since the ground is more resistant to seasonal heat variations than the air.
Since it does not fluctuate as much as energy from other sources, like solar and wind, it is simple to compute the amount of energy produced by this resource. This implies that we can make highly accurate predictions about a geothermal plant’s power output. Read more on related topics What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Solar Energy?
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